DAYAN

DAYAN, family in Ereẓ Israel. SHEMUEL (1891–1968), pioneer of cooperative settlement in Ereẓ Israel. Dayan was born in Zhashkov, Ukraine, and joined the Zionist movement as a youth, settling in Ereẓ Israel in 1908. There he worked as a laborer in various agricultural settlements and was a founder of the kevuẓah deganyah Alef and later of Deganyah Bet. In 1921 he helped found the first moshav ovedim , nahalal . A leader of the Ha-Po'el ha-Ẓa'ir Party , and later of mapai , Dayan represented the moshav movement in yishuv institutions, in the Histadrut, and at Zionist Congresses. He was a leading member of the Histadrut Agricultural Center (Ha-Merkaz ha-Ḥakla'i) and a Mapai member in the First, Second, and Third Knessets. He published books and articles about Nahalal, Deganyah, and the moshav ovedim, including Nahalal (1936); Moshav Ovedim (1945); Pioneers in Israel (1961); and Man and the Soil (1965). His wife DEVORAH (née Zatolowsky; 1890–1956) was a leader of the women's labor movement and an editor of Devar ha-Po'elet (women workers' weekly). Her articles appearing in the labor press were collected in the books Asapper (1952) and Be-Osher u-ve-Yagon (1959; Pioneer, 1968). The elder son of Shemuel and Devorah was moshe dayan (1915–1981), military commander and statesman. Their younger son ZOHAR (1926–1948) died in the Israeli War of Independence. A book of his poems and letters, Be-Eragon: Shirim ve-Iggerot, was published posthumously in 1950. Moshe's wife RUTH (née Schwartz; 1917– ) was active in the development of home industries during the early years of Israel, and was head of the Crafts Department in the Ministry of Labor during 1953–54. She was founder and managing director of government-sponsored Maskit, which produces and markets Israeli handicrafts. His daughter yael dayan (1939– ) wrote the novels New Face in the Mirror (1959), Envy the Frightened (1961), Dust (1963), and Death had Two Sons (1965), as well as Israel Journal, June 1967 (1967), and also served in the Knesset. His son Assaf (Assi) dayan (1945– ) was a film actor and director. (Abraham Aharoni)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Dayan — Dayan, Mōsheh …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Dayan — (Moshé) (1915 1981) général et homme politique israélien; ministre de la Défense (1967 1974), le vainqueur de la guerre des Six Jours (1967) …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Dayan — Il s agit le plus souvent (sinon toujours) d un nom juif séfarade fréquent autrefois en Afrique du Nord, qui correspond à l hébreu dayyan (= juge). La forme Dayant, rencontrée dans la Creuse, semble pour sa part désigner celui qui est originaire… …   Noms de famille

  • Dayan — (izg. dajàn), Moshe (1915 1981) DEFINICIJA zapovjednik izraelske vojske u Sinajskom ratu 1956, ministar vojske u ratu 1967, karizmatska ličnost simbolički povezana sa izraelskim vojnim pobjedama sve do prvih poraza u ratu 1973 …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Dayan — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Dayan est un nom de famille hébreu. On le trouve parfois sous la forme Bendayan[1], Parmi les célébrités portant ce nom: Josée Dayan, cinéaste française… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Dayan — 1 Original name in latin Dayan Name in other language Dayan, Dayan Xiang, Ta yen, da yan, da yan xiang State code CN Continent/City Asia/Shanghai longitude 30.33932 latitude 111.08409 altitude 615 Population 0 Date 2012 01 18 2 Original name in… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Dayan — Dayạn,   Moshe, israelischer General und Politiker, * Deganya (Nordwestisrael) 20. 5. 1915, ✝ Tel Aviv Jaffa 16. 10. 1981; zunächst als Landwirt tätig, schloss sich politisch der »Mapai« an und trat der jüdischen Selbstverteidigungsorganisation… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Dayan — n. family name; Moshe Dayan (1915 1981), fourth General Chief of Staff of the Israeli military, former member of the Knesset, one of the founders of former political parties, former Defense Minister and Foreign Minister …   English contemporary dictionary

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